Loppers are a type of pruning shear that have long handles and sharp blades that can cut through thick branches. They come in two main types: bypass loppers and anvil loppers. Bypass loppers have curved blades that slide past each other like scissors, while anvil loppers have a straight blade that cuts against a flat surface like a knife. Both types of loppers need regular maintenance and repair to ensure they perform well and last long.

How to repair loppers

  • Sharpening: The most common problem with loppers is dull blades that make pruning difficult and damage the plants. To sharpen your loppers, you will need a fine file or a sharpening stone. Hold the tool steady (preferably in a vise) and remove any burrs from the flat side of the blade with the file or stone. Then restore the sharp edge by following the original shape and angle of the blade with smooth strokes. You can also use a honing oil or water to lubricate the file or stone for better results. Sharpen your loppers at the start of each workday and resharpen them after several hours of use.

  • Cleaning: Another common problem with loppers is dirt, sap, rust, or debris that can clog up the blades and joints. To clean your loppers, you will need a rag, soap, water, steel wool or sandpaper, and rubbing alcohol. Wipe off any dirt or sap from the blades with a rag soaked in soap and water. If there is rust on the blades or joints, use steel wool or sandpaper to remove it gently. Then disinfect your loppers with rubbing alcohol to prevent spreading diseases between plants. Clean your loppers after each use and store them in a dry place.

  • Lubricating: Lubricating your loppers helps prevent rusting and friction that can wear out the blades and joints. To lubricate your loppers, you will need oil (such as WD-40) or grease (such as lithium grease). Apply a thin layer of oil or grease to all metal parts of your loppers, especially where they move against each other (such as hinges, springs,pivots,and bolts). Lubricate your loppers before each use and wipe off any excess oil or grease after use.

  • Fixing broken parts: Sometimes, loppers can break due to excessive force, poor quality, or accidents. The most common parts that break are handles, blades, and nuts. To fix broken handles, you can either replace them with new ones (if available) or wrap them with duct tape for temporary support. To fix broken blades, you can either replace them with new ones (if available) or try to weld them back together (if possible). To fix loose nuts, you can either tighten them with a wrench or replace them with new ones (if lost). Fixing broken parts may require some tools and skills, so if you are not confident about doing it yourself, you may want to take your loppers to a professional.


Q: What are some signs that my loppers need repair?

A: Some signs that your loppers need repair are:

  • They make rough cuts that damage the plants.

  • They require more effort than usual to cut through branches.

  • They squeak or stick when opening or closing.

  • They have visible cracks,bends,dents,rust,burrs,dirt,sap,oil,gumming up their blades,joints,and handles.

Q: How do I know if my lopper blades need to be replaced?

A: If your lopper blades are dull, chipped, or bent, they may need to be replaced. Look for signs of wear and tear, and consider how often you use your loppers.

Q: Can I repair a cracked handle on my loppers?

A: It depends on the severity of the crack. If it's a small crack, you may be able to fix it with epoxy or a similar adhesive. However, if the handle is severely damaged, it's best to replace it.


Repairing your loppers can save you money and extend the life of your gardening tools. With the right tools and a little bit of know-how, you can tackle basic maintenance and more advanced repairs. By keeping your loppers in good working order, you can enjoy a more productive and successful gardening experience.

By Laura Celine

Laura has been gardening for over 25 years and loves sharing the joys of caring for plants, shrubs, and trees. A passionate organic gardener, she focuses on natural pest control solutions instead of harmful chemicals. Laura grows over 100 varieties of flowers, vegetables, and herbs in her small urban garden and enjoys experimenting with both exotic and heirloom varieties.

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